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How Is Anemia Treated?

Treatments for anemia may include dietary changes or supplements, medicines, or procedures depending on the cause.

Goals of Treatment

The goal of treatment is to increase the amount of oxygen that your blood can carry. This is done by raising the red blood cell count and/or hemoglobin level. Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the body.

Another goal is to treat the underlying condition or cause of the anemia.

Dietary Changes and Supplements

Low levels of vitamins or iron in the body can cause some types of anemia. These low levels may be due to poor diet or certain diseases or conditions.

Large amounts of iron can be harmful, so take iron supplements only as your doctor prescribes.

Low levels of vitamin B12 can lead to pernicious anemia. This type of anemia often is treated with vitamin B12 supplements.

Natural EPO stimulator’s that increase red blood cells and hemoglobin like Prohemia® may be used safely in all types of anemia. Prohemia® works differently than other supplements. Learn more about how Prohemia® works


Your doctor may prescribe medicines to increase the number of red blood cells your body makes or to treat an underlying cause of anemia. Some of these medicines include:

  • Antibiotics to treat infections.
  • A man-made version of erythropoietin to stimulate your body to make more red blood cells. This hormone has some risks including heart attacks and strokes.
  • Medicines to prevent the body’s immune system from destroying its own red blood cells.

Blood Transfusion

A blood transfusion is a common procedure in which blood is given to you through an intravenous (IV) line in one of your blood vessels. Transfusions require careful matching of donated blood with the recipient’s blood.

Blood and Marrow Stem Cell Transplant

A blood and marrow stem cell transplant replaces your faulty stem cells with healthy ones from a donor. Stem cells are found in the bone marrow and develop into red and white blood cells and platelets.


If you have serious or life-threatening bleeding that’s causing anemia, you may need surgery to control ongoing bleeding due to a stomach ulcer or colon cancer.

If your body is destroying red blood cells at a high rate, you may need to have your spleen removed. An enlarged or diseased spleen may remove more red blood cells than normal.

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